Fonds Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg, Abt. Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, E 70 q - Württemberg legation in the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt

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Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg, Abt. Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, E 70 q


Württemberg legation in the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt


  • 1852-1920 (Creation)

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242 Büschel

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Preliminary remark 1976: Already in 1807 King Friedrich had the intention to establish a Württemberg legation in Darmstadt due to the close relationship to the Grand Duchy of Hesse established by the Confederation of the Rhine and in an effort to deepen the friendly relations of the sovereigns. However, the position was not filled until 1818, with general justification. From 1825 it remained vacant until 1852, at the suggestion of the Grand Duke, envoys were exchanged again. Even after the foundation of the Reich in 1871, official diplomatic relations were maintained. The Württemberg representatives at the Darmstadt court were generally certified as envoys at the Bundestag in Frankfurt and at the Kurhessischer court in Kassel, with headquarters in Frankfurt am Main, until 1866, as envoys in Baden, with headquarters in Karlsruhe, from 1867 to 1872, and as envoys in Baden and Bavaria, with headquarters in Munich, from 1873. Until 1866, in the absence of the envoy, the Württemberg representative of the association at the Hessian customs office in Darmstadt was regarded as the official representative of his state.The representatives of Württemberg were:Karl August Freiherr von Wangenheim, Privy Council, Minister of State, extraordinary envoy and authorized minister, November 1818 - November 1823 Freiherr von Blomberg, Privy Legation Council, resident of the Free City of Frankfurt, chargé d'affaires, December 1820, December 1823 - June 1825 by Reinhard, Council of State, extraordinary envoy and authorized minister, November 1852 - November 1865 Freiherr von Linden, Minister of State, extraordinary envoy and authorized minister, December 1865 - September 1866 Oskar Freiherr von Soden, Chamberlain, Legation Councillor, Carrier, January 1867 - October 1868 von Baur-Breitenfeld, Chamberlain, Legation Councillor, Carrier, November 1868 - November 1872 Oskar Freiherr von Soden, Chamberlain, Privy Council, Extraordinary Minister and Plenipotentiary Minister, May 1873 - May 1906 Karl Moser von Filseck, Chamberlain, Privy Legation Council, Extraordinary Minister and Plenipotentiary Minister, June 1906 - 1920.The envoy had mainly formal tasks to fulfill and those of representation, since facts between Württemberg and Hessian authorities were usually conducted directly, not through the envoy. He was usually invited to Darmstadt once or twice a year on the occasion of court festivities. Correspondence, after 1873 between 50 and 70 diary numbers per year, was therefore largely limited to the provision of congratulations, the sending of official printed matter, some enquiries and occasional reporting. When these tasks were almost completely abolished with the end of the monarchy, the activities of the envoy ceased in 1920, and the representation in Hesse was therefore only a secondary function. The small amount of written material was initially incorporated into the registry of the Bundestag legation. Only in 1852 did a separate file under the file number H I (= Hessen I) begin. The tradition of the years 1852 - 1866 arrived in the archive around 1869 with the Bundestag legation about the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and became in the today's stock German Federation under the signature E 65 Verz. 57 Fasz. 414 in custody. The documents from the Karlsruhe period were delivered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before 1910 with other mixed files and in this association under the signature E 36 Verz. 58 Fasz. 39 No. 86 left. The files that had grown up since 1873 were probably handed over to the archives in 1933 together with the registry of the Embassy in Bavaria and incorporated into the holdings under the signature E 73 Verz. 61 Bü 20b (1873 - 1895), Bü 20c (1896 - 1905) and 20d (1905 - 1920). These parts were removed from their previous context in 1977 - 1979, listed and reorganized as correspondent and fact files according to the scheme used for other legations. This work was supervised by Udo Herkert (54 Bü in 0.1 running m., i.e. the years up to 1866), by Edgar Lersch (32 Bü in 0.05 running m.) and by Udo Herkert (54 Bü in 0.1 running m., i.e. the years up to 1866), the State Archives student Edgar Lersch (32 Bü in 0.05 running m.), The inventory provides an approximate picture of the official activity of the envoy for the years 1852 - 1920 under the aforementioned restrictions. There are narrow limits to the scientific usability, since only the correspondence of the court marshal of Westerweller with the envoy of Soden has a certain weight of its own. The parallel tradition on the Württemberg side is found mainly in the holdings of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The relevant Hessian written material should be kept by the State Archives Darmstadt. 239 Bü in 0.6 m. Stuttgart 1978gez. G. Cordes preliminary remark 1988: The completion of the present finding aid book took place with the help of the data processing on the basis of the program package MIDOSA of the national archive administration Baden-Wuerttemberg in the time from July to September 1988. the title photographs present on index cards were entered without substantial changes over screen into the system. At the same time as the inclusion of the title, the index terms were recorded, with a view to a later general index, broken down into a geographical index, a person index and a subject index. The re-indexing as well as the input was carried out within the framework of the training by the archive inspectors Corinna Pfisterer and Annette Prötzel under the guidance of the undersigned.Stuttgart, October 1988Kurt Hochstuhl

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Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg, Dept. Main State Archives Stuttgart (Archivtektonik) >> Cabinet, Privy Council, Ministries 1806-1945 >> Ministry of Foreign Affairs >> Embassies and consulates

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  • German

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